Periodontal disease is a long-term chronic degenerative disease. It is often refractory, in that it may be periodically active or dormant depending on the effect that environmental or acquired risk factors (e.g., smoking) have on host immuno-inflammatory response to the microbial challenge.
Because the understanding of periodontal disease has improved dramatically, treatment methods have been changing. Today the treatment of choice takes into account both local factors and systemic risk factors, and treats causes, not just effects. The goal is to help patients achieve optimal long-term periodontal health and maximize their resistance to periodontal infection.
This informational video displays great brushing and flossing techniques. It also has a detailed segment on how to use your Water Pik. Check it out!